Hearing-Aid Outcome Measures Following One Month of Hearing Aid Use by the Elderly This study reports the results of a large number of hearing-aid outcome measures obtained from 173 elderly hearing-aid wearers following one month of hearing-aid use. All participants in this study were fit binaurally with identical full-concha in-the-ear (ITE) hearing aids having linear Class-D amplifiers with output-limiting compression. Outcome measures included ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 2001
Hearing-Aid Outcome Measures Following One Month of Hearing Aid Use by the Elderly
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Larry E. Humes, PhD
    Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences Indiana University Bloomington
    Speech and Hearing Sciences, Indiana University, 200 South Jordan Avenue, Bloomington, IN 47405-7002
  • Carolyn B. Garner
    Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences Indiana University Bloomington
  • Dana L. Wilson
    Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences Indiana University Bloomington
  • Nancy N. Barlow
    Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences Indiana University Bloomington
  • Corresponding author: e-mail: humes@indiana.edu
  • The first author dedicates this article to the memories of two of his mentors, colleagues, and friends who passed away recently: Thomas W. Tillman of Northwestern University and Denis Byrne of National Acoustics Laboratories in Australia.
    The first author dedicates this article to the memories of two of his mentors, colleagues, and friends who passed away recently: Thomas W. Tillman of Northwestern University and Denis Byrne of National Acoustics Laboratories in Australia.×
Article Information
Hearing Aids, Cochlear Implants & Assistive Technology / Special Populations / Older Adults & Aging / Hearing / Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 2001
Hearing-Aid Outcome Measures Following One Month of Hearing Aid Use by the Elderly
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 2001, Vol. 44, 469-486. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2001/037)
History: Received July 7, 2000 , Accepted February 26, 2001
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 2001, Vol. 44, 469-486. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2001/037)
History: Received July 7, 2000; Accepted February 26, 2001
Web of Science® Times Cited: 36

This study reports the results of a large number of hearing-aid outcome measures obtained from 173 elderly hearing-aid wearers following one month of hearing-aid use. All participants in this study were fit binaurally with identical full-concha in-the-ear (ITE) hearing aids having linear Class-D amplifiers with output-limiting compression. Outcome measures included several measures of speech recognition, as well as several self-report measures of hearing-aid performance, benefit, satisfaction, and use. Comparison of mean data from this sample of hearing-aid wearers to other larger sets of data, obtained previously for several of these measures of hearing-aid outcome evaluated in isolation, indicated that the participants in this study were representative of the participants in other largerscale studies. Subsequent principal-components factor analysis of the data from this study indicated that there were seven distinct dimensions of hearing-aid outcome. Attempts to document the effectiveness and efficacy of hearing aids for elderly persons with impaired hearing will be most complete when assessing performance along all seven dimensions of hearing-aid outcome. Clinically efficient procedures for doing so are discussed.

Acknowledgment
The authors would like to thank Stacey Yount, Martha Bashaw, Sneha Patel, Mini Narendran, Brian Gygi, Melissa Coy-Branam, and Kevin Caudill for their assistance with data entry and analysis. This research was supported, in part, by research grant R01-AG08293 from the National Institute on Aging.
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