Dialectal Forms During Discourse of Poor, Urban, African American Preschoolers This study describes nonstandard syntactic and morphological forms used by 45 poor, urban, 4- to 5.5-year-old African American boys and girls. Distributional analyses revealed three subgroups distinguished by the percentage frequencies of occurrence of utterances containing specific forms, and by the predominant types used by each group. Implications for characterizing ... Research Article
Research Article  |   August 01, 1994
Dialectal Forms During Discourse of Poor, Urban, African American Preschoolers
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Julie A. Washington
    University of Michigan Ann Arbor
  • Holly K. Craig
    University of Michigan Ann Arbor
  • Contact author: Julie A. Washington, PhD, Communicative Disorders Clinic, University of Michigan, 1111 E. Catherine Street, Ann Arbor, Ml 48109-2054. E-mail: umich.cc.edu._Juliewashington
Article Information
Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Language / Research Articles
Research Article   |   August 01, 1994
Dialectal Forms During Discourse of Poor, Urban, African American Preschoolers
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, August 1994, Vol. 37, 816-823. doi:10.1044/jshr.3704.816
History: Received June 11, 1993 , Accepted January 12, 1994
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, August 1994, Vol. 37, 816-823. doi:10.1044/jshr.3704.816
History: Received June 11, 1993; Accepted January 12, 1994

This study describes nonstandard syntactic and morphological forms used by 45 poor, urban, 4- to 5.5-year-old African American boys and girls. Distributional analyses revealed three subgroups distinguished by the percentage frequencies of occurrence of utterances containing specific forms, and by the predominant types used by each group. Implications for characterizing the linguistic productions of young African American children are discussed.

Acknowledgments
The authors wish to thank Minnie O. Phillips, Barbara Crandall, and the children and parents for their cooperation and participation in this project. The data collection was supported in part by a Biomedical Research Support Grant administered by the Office for the Vice President for Research at the University of Michigan.
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