Practice and List Effects on the Synthetic Sentence Identification Test in Young and Elderly Listeners A high prevalence of central auditory processing disorders (CAPD) has been reported in the elderly based on scores for the Synthetic Sentence Identification Test (SSI). This study examined practice effects and list differences on the Auditec version of the SSI with an ipsilateral competing message in 30 young and 20 ... Research Article
Research Article  |   October 01, 2000
Practice and List Effects on the Synthetic Sentence Identification Test in Young and Elderly Listeners
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • M. Patrick Feeney
    Ohio University Athens, OH
  • Brooke Hallowell
    Ohio University Athens, OH
  • Contact author: M. Patrick Feeney, PhD, Department of Speech and Hearing Science, Ohio State University, 112 Pressey Hall, 1070 Carmack Road, Columbus, Ohio 43210. Email: feeney28@osu.edu
    Contact author: M. Patrick Feeney, PhD, Department of Speech and Hearing Science, Ohio State University, 112 Pressey Hall, 1070 Carmack Road, Columbus, Ohio 43210. Email: feeney28@osu.edu×
  • Corresponding author: e-mail: feeney28@osu.edu
  • Currently affiliated with Ohio State University, Columbus, OH
    Currently affiliated with Ohio State University, Columbus, OH×
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Special Populations / Older Adults & Aging / Hearing / Research Articles
Research Article   |   October 01, 2000
Practice and List Effects on the Synthetic Sentence Identification Test in Young and Elderly Listeners
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 2000, Vol. 43, 1160-1167. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4305.1160
History: Received December 15, 1999 , Accepted June 4, 2000
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 2000, Vol. 43, 1160-1167. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4305.1160
History: Received December 15, 1999; Accepted June 4, 2000

A high prevalence of central auditory processing disorders (CAPD) has been reported in the elderly based on scores for the Synthetic Sentence Identification Test (SSI). This study examined practice effects and list differences on the Auditec version of the SSI with an ipsilateral competing message in 30 young and 20 elderly participants. Results for the younger participants suggested that a minimum of one practice list should be used with the SSI, whereas results for the elderly participants suggested that a minimum of three practice lists should be used. The binomial model of A. R. Thornton and M. J. M. Raffin (1978) was suggested for use in determining the required number of lists needed to obtain reliable SSI performance. Significant list differences were found with the Auditec version of the SSI. It was recommended to use only Lists A, C, D, E, G, and I for consistent results across lists. Practice effects and list differences should be accounted for when using the SSI for the assessment of CAPD in elderly and young listeners.

Acknowledgments
This research was supported in part by a grant from the Ohio University Clinical Research Steering Committee. The authors thank Alicia Johnson and Eric Koenig for assistance in data collection and Bruce W. Carlson for statistical consultation.
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