Development and Validation of an Instrument to Measure Occupational Stress in Speech-Language Pathologists The Speech-Language Pathologist Stress Inventory (SLPSI) is a 48-item questionnaire adapted from the Teacher Stress Inventory (Fimian, 1988). Factor analyses of the responses of 626 speech-language pathologists revealed four stress source factors (Bureaucratic Restrictions, Time and Workload Management, Lack of Professional Supports, and Instructional Limitations) and two stress manifestation factors ... Research Article
Research Article  |   April 01, 1991
Development and Validation of an Instrument to Measure Occupational Stress in Speech-Language Pathologists
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Michael J. Fimian
    Reich College of Education Appalachian State University Boone, North Carolina
  • R. Jane Lieberman
    Reich College of Education Appalachian State University Boone, North Carolina
  • Philip S. Fastenau
    Reich College of Education Appalachian State University Boone, North Carolina
  • Requests for reprints should be sent to R. Jane Lieberman, Language, Reading, and Exceptionalities, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608.
Article Information
Speech / Research Articles
Research Article   |   April 01, 1991
Development and Validation of an Instrument to Measure Occupational Stress in Speech-Language Pathologists
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, April 1991, Vol. 34, 439-446. doi:10.1044/jshr.3402.439
History: Received October 9, 1989 , Accepted March 30, 1990
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, April 1991, Vol. 34, 439-446. doi:10.1044/jshr.3402.439
History: Received October 9, 1989; Accepted March 30, 1990

The Speech-Language Pathologist Stress Inventory (SLPSI) is a 48-item questionnaire adapted from the Teacher Stress Inventory (Fimian, 1988). Factor analyses of the responses of 626 speech-language pathologists revealed four stress source factors (Bureaucratic Restrictions, Time and Workload Management, Lack of Professional Supports, and Instructional Limitations) and two stress manifestation factors (Emotional-Fatigue Manifestations and Biobehavioral Manifestations). The internal consistency reliability of scales based on these factors ranged from .71 to .87, with .93 for the entire scale. Evidence for construct validity was found in moderate positive correlations between the scales of the SLPSI and the scales of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) (Maslach & Jackson, 1986). Stress and burnout subscale intercorrelations ranged from .10 to .82 (p<.01), and the correlation between stress strength and burnout frequency was .66 (p<.001).

Acknowledgments
This study was sponsored by the Center on Excellence in Teaching and Learning in the Reich College of Education at Appalachian State University. The authors wish to thank the study participants who freely gave of their time by filling out the Speech-Language Pathologist Stress Inventory and providing unsolicited commentary about on-the-job stress in the schools.
Order a Subscription
Pay Per View
Entire Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research content & archive
24-hour access
This Article
24-hour access