Is There a Decline in Picture Naming With Advancing Age? This review of 25 studies of the picture-naming accuracy of normal aging individuals shows that an age-related decline in picture naming is an inconsistent finding. Naming performance of older adults varied throughout the studies reviewed in this paper. This variability is attributed to the research methods used and to subject ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 1994
Is There a Decline in Picture Naming With Advancing Age?
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Pierre Goulet
    Faculté de médecine Université de Montréal
  • Bernadette Ska
    Ecole d’orthophonie et d’audiologie de l’Université de Montréal Lab. Th.-Alajouanine Centre de recherche du Centre hospitalier Côte-des-Neiges
  • Helen J. Kahn
    Communication Science and Disorders Department University of Vermont Lab. Th.-Alajouanine Centre de recherche du Centre hospitalier Côte-des-Neiges Montreal, Canada
  • Contact author: Pierre Goulet, MSc, Centre de recherche du Centre hospitalier Côte-des-Neiges, 4565, ch. Reine-Marie, Montréal, Québec, Canada, H3W 1W5. E-mail: gouletp@ere.umontreal.ca
Article Information
Special Populations / Older Adults & Aging / Language / Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 1994
Is There a Decline in Picture Naming With Advancing Age?
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1994, Vol. 37, 629-644. doi:10.1044/jshr.3703.629
History: Received March 1, 1993 , Accepted December 21, 1993
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1994, Vol. 37, 629-644. doi:10.1044/jshr.3703.629
History: Received March 1, 1993; Accepted December 21, 1993

This review of 25 studies of the picture-naming accuracy of normal aging individuals shows that an age-related decline in picture naming is an inconsistent finding. Naming performance of older adults varied throughout the studies reviewed in this paper. This variability is attributed to the research methods used and to subject characteristics. To date, there are no studies that have considered all “nuisance factors” (e.g., health status, medication) in such a way that would allow support for a decrease in picture-naming accuracy associated with primary aging.

Acknowledgments
The authors wish to thank Malcolm R. McNeil, Lorraine K. Obler, and three anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on earlier versions of this paper. They also thank the Centre de recherche du Centre hospitalier Côte-des-Neiges for its financial and material support. This article was written under support of Grant PG-28 of the Conseil de recherches médicales du Canada for the second author, and a postdoctoral fellowship from the Fonds de la Recherche en Santé du Québec to the third author.
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