The Effects of Early Bilateral Otitis Media With Effusion on Language Ability A Prospective Cohort Study Research Article
Research Article  |   October 01, 1993
The Effects of Early Bilateral Otitis Media With Effusion on Language Ability
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Eefje H. Grievink
    Department of Special Education University of Nijmegen Nijmegen, the Netherlands
  • Sylvia A. F. Peters
    Department of Special Education University of Nijmegen Nijmegen, the Netherlands
  • Wim H. J. van Bon
    Department of Special Education University of Nijmegen Nijmegen, the Netherlands
  • Anne G. M. Schilder
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology University of Nijmegen Nijmegen, the Netherlands
  • Contact author: W. H. J. van Bon, Department of Special Education, University of Nijmegen, Postbus 9103, 6500 HD Nijmegen, the Netherlands.
Article Information
Development / Hearing Disorders / Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Language / Research Articles
Research Article   |   October 01, 1993
The Effects of Early Bilateral Otitis Media With Effusion on Language Ability
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 1993, Vol. 36, 1004-1012. doi:10.1044/jshr.3605.1004
History: Received October 13, 1992 , Accepted April 21, 1993
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 1993, Vol. 36, 1004-1012. doi:10.1044/jshr.3605.1004
History: Received October 13, 1992; Accepted April 21, 1993

The current study, which is a follow-up on the epidemiological Nijmegen Otitis Media study, examines the relationship between early otitis media with effusion (OME) and later language ability in a group of children with systematically documented bilateral OME. In the Nijmegen Otitis Media study, children were screened using tympanometry at regular intervals of 3 months, between their second and fourth birthdays. At age 7, three groups of children participated in language testing: 82 OME-free children, 151 children with early bilateral OME, and 37 children treated with ventilation tubes at preschool age. A history of OME, even up to nine instances, did not have negative consequences for language performance at age 7. Intermittent, as opposed to more continuous, OME was not found to affect language ability negatively. The suggested benefit of treatment with ventilation tubes was not found.

Acknowledgments
This part of the Nijmegen Otitis Media study was supported by the Stichting Kinderpostzegels Nederiand. The authors wish to express their appreciation to J. van den Bercken for statistical advice on the analyses of the data and the members of the advisory panel, L. van Buchem, P. van den Broek, T. Crul, J. Dumont, W. Levelt, R. Schreuder, A. Snik, and G. Zielhuis, for their contribution to this study.
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