Psychometric Evaluation of a Swedish Version of the Communication Strategies Scale of the Communication Profile for the Hearing Impaired The Communication Strategies scale of the Communication Profile for the Hearing Impaired (CPHI) was translated into Swedish and used in several studies of people with hearing impairment (Hallberg & Carisson, in press; Hallberg, Erlandsson, & Carlsson, 1991) In this study the scale was evaluated in terms of descriptive statistics, corrected ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 1992
Psychometric Evaluation of a Swedish Version of the Communication Strategies Scale of the Communication Profile for the Hearing Impaired
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Lillemor R-M. Hallberg
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Maud Eriksson-Mangold
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Sven G. Carlsson
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Article Information
Hearing / Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 1992
Psychometric Evaluation of a Swedish Version of the Communication Strategies Scale of the Communication Profile for the Hearing Impaired
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1992, Vol. 35, 666-674. doi:10.1044/jshr.3503.666
History: Received December 4, 1990 , Accepted August 13, 1991
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1992, Vol. 35, 666-674. doi:10.1044/jshr.3503.666
History: Received December 4, 1990; Accepted August 13, 1991

The Communication Strategies scale of the Communication Profile for the Hearing Impaired (CPHI) was translated into Swedish and used in several studies of people with hearing impairment (Hallberg & Carisson, in press; Hallberg, Erlandsson, & Carlsson, 1991) In this study the scale was evaluated in terms of descriptive statistics, corrected item-total correlations, principal component analysis, and internal consistency reliability. Agreement with results from American studies is surprisingly good Normative data based on three samples are presented a general Swedish hearing-impaired sample with predominantly sensorineural hearing loss (N=199), a subgroup of 105 younger subjects with noise-induced hearing loss, and a subgroup of 39 older subjects with sensorineural hearing loss due to heredity and/or old age. A significantly more frequent use of maladaptive behaviors (p < .001) and verbal communication strategies (p < .01) was reported by older subjects with age-related and/or hereditary hearing loss than by younger subjects with noise-induced hearing loss. The Communication Strategies scale seems to be an adequately reliable and clinically useful instrument for assessing adaptive and maladaptive strategies In hearing-impaired subjects.

Acknowledgments
This research was supported by the Swedish Ministry of Health and Social Affairs, Delegation for Social Research, and by the Swedish Council for Planning and Coordination of Research. Parts of the data assessment were supported by a grant from the Swedish Institute for the Handicapped.
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