Reliability of Two Measures of Speech Recognition in Elderly People The revised Speech Perception in Noise (SPIN) test and the Dichotic Sentence Identification (DSI) test have been used to help evaluate speech-recognition capabilities in elderly people. We evaluated the test-retest reliability of these measures for 17 subjects aged 63–82 years. The DSI and revised SPIN tests were administered at 65, ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 1992
Reliability of Two Measures of Speech Recognition in Elderly People
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Carol Geltman Cokely
    Indiana University Bloomington, IN
  • Larry E. Humes
    Indiana University Bloomington, IN
Article Information
Hearing / Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 1992
Reliability of Two Measures of Speech Recognition in Elderly People
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1992, Vol. 35, 654-660. doi:10.1044/jshr.3503.654
History: Received June 13, 1991 , Accepted October 7, 1991
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1992, Vol. 35, 654-660. doi:10.1044/jshr.3503.654
History: Received June 13, 1991; Accepted October 7, 1991

The revised Speech Perception in Noise (SPIN) test and the Dichotic Sentence Identification (DSI) test have been used to help evaluate speech-recognition capabilities in elderly people. We evaluated the test-retest reliability of these measures for 17 subjects aged 63–82 years. The DSI and revised SPIN tests were administered at 65, 75, and 85 dB SPL, with a total of three presentations at each level. Reliability was assessed using a repeated-measures analysis of variance and 95% critical differences for each test. Results raise serious questions about the use of these tests for diagnostic determinations or assessment of speech-recognition ability in elderly people

Acknowledgments
This research was supported in part by the National Institute of Aging. We are grateful to Jeffrey Cokely, Diane Van Tasell, Jill Preminger, and an anonymous reviewer for their comments on an earlier version of this manuscript.
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