Language Learning in a Prospective Study of Otitis Media with Effusion in the First Two Years of Life We report cross-sectional findings on children’s early experience with otitis media with effusion (OME) related to hearing over time and emerging receptive and expressive language skills on the Sequenced Inventory of Communication Development Scale (SICD). Tympanometry and otoscopy on the same day are combined to diagnose OME. Hearing from 6 ... Research Article
Research Article  |   March 01, 1990
Language Learning in a Prospective Study of Otitis Media with Effusion in the First Two Years of Life
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Sandy Friel-Patti
    The Dallas Cooperative Project on Early Hearing and Language Development Callier Center for Communication Disorders, The Neuroscience Research Center, Dallas University of Texas at Dallas
  • Terese Finitzo
    The Dallas Cooperative Project on Early Hearing and Language Development Callier Center for Communication Disorders, The Neuroscience Research Center, Dallas University of Texas at Dallas
  • Requests for reprints should be sent to Sandy Friel-Patti, UTD/Callier Center for Communication Disorders, 1966 Inwood Rd., Dallas, TX 75235
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   March 01, 1990
Language Learning in a Prospective Study of Otitis Media with Effusion in the First Two Years of Life
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 1990, Vol. 33, 188-194. doi:10.1044/jshr.3301.188
History: Received June 22, 1988 , Accepted August 10, 1989
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 1990, Vol. 33, 188-194. doi:10.1044/jshr.3301.188
History: Received June 22, 1988; Accepted August 10, 1989

We report cross-sectional findings on children’s early experience with otitis media with effusion (OME) related to hearing over time and emerging receptive and expressive language skills on the Sequenced Inventory of Communication Development Scale (SICD). Tympanometry and otoscopy on the same day are combined to diagnose OME. Hearing from 6 to 12 months is significantly related to scores on the SICD beginning with receptive language at 12 months. At 18 and 24 months, both receptive and expressive language are significantly related to average hearing from 6 to 18 months. Better language is associated with better average hearing levels. These findings suggest that the relationship between OME and language is mediated by hearing. It remains to be seen whether these relationships persist as the children continue to develop language.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT
We acknowledge the contribution of team members Catherine Nolan Balay, M.S., Karen Clinton Brown, M.S., Orval Brown, M.D., J. Patrick Hieber, M.D., Judy Lewis, William Meyerhoff, M.D., Ph.D., Peter Roland, M.D., Kay T. Stephens, M.S. and Jackie Clark, M.S. We are grateful to Michael Coleman, Ph.D. and Susan Palmer, M.S. for assistance with statistical analyses. The Dallas Cooperative Project on Early Hearing and Language Development is supported by NIH/NINCDS grant 19675. We acknowledge the American Hearing Research Foundation for their generous support of our earlier work on this topic.
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