Closed-Set Effects in Consonant Confusion Patterns Invariance of error patterns in confusion matrices of varying dimensions were examined. Normal-hearing young adults were presented closed-set arrangements of digitized syllable tokens, spoken by 1 male and 1 female talker, and selected from a set of 14 consonants (stops and fricatives). Each consonant was paired with the vowel /a/ ... Research Note
Research Note  |   December 01, 1989
Closed-Set Effects in Consonant Confusion Patterns
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Theodore S. Bell
    Department of Surgery, University of California, Los Angeles
  • Donald D. Dirks
    Department of Surgery, University of California, Los Angeles
  • Gail E. Kincaid
    Department of Surgery, University of California, Los Angeles
Article Information
Research Note
Research Note   |   December 01, 1989
Closed-Set Effects in Consonant Confusion Patterns
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 1989, Vol. 32, 944-948. doi:10.1044/jshr.3204.944
History: Received June 7, 1988 , Accepted May 1, 1989
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 1989, Vol. 32, 944-948. doi:10.1044/jshr.3204.944
History: Received June 7, 1988; Accepted May 1, 1989

Invariance of error patterns in confusion matrices of varying dimensions were examined. Normal-hearing young adults were presented closed-set arrangements of digitized syllable tokens, spoken by 1 male and 1 female talker, and selected from a set of 14 consonants (stops and fricatives). Each consonant was paired with the vowel /a/ in a vowel-consonant format and presented at three intensity levels. Patterns of errors among voiceless stops and among voiced fricatives were dependent on the set of alternatives. Voiceless fricatives and voiced stops were not significantly affected by the number of response alternatives. Speaker differences, individual differences among listeners, and implications relating to the generalization of confusion data collected in small closed-set arrangements arc discussed.

Order a Subscription
Pay Per View
Entire Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research content & archive
24-hour access
This Article
24-hour access