A Preliminary Analysis of the Ameliorative Effects of Time-out from Speaking on Stuttering Relatively few attempts have been made to systematically examine the processes responsible for the ameliorative effects of response-contingent stimulation (RCS) on stuttering. It was hypothesized that the reductions in stuttering that frequently accompany RCS are the result of the stutterer being encouraged to access extant fluent speech that may not ... Research Article
Research Article  |   September 01, 1989
A Preliminary Analysis of the Ameliorative Effects of Time-out from Speaking on Stuttering
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jack E. James
    The Flinders University of South Australia
  • Lina A. Ricciardelli
    The Flinders University of South Australia
  • Peter Rogers
    The Flinders University of South Australia
  • Christine E. Hunter
    The Flinders University of South Australia
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   September 01, 1989
A Preliminary Analysis of the Ameliorative Effects of Time-out from Speaking on Stuttering
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1989, Vol. 32, 604-610. doi:10.1044/jshr.3203.604
History: Received October 29, 1987 , Accepted December 9, 1988
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1989, Vol. 32, 604-610. doi:10.1044/jshr.3203.604
History: Received October 29, 1987; Accepted December 9, 1988

Relatively few attempts have been made to systematically examine the processes responsible for the ameliorative effects of response-contingent stimulation (RCS) on stuttering. It was hypothesized that the reductions in stuttering that frequently accompany RCS are the result of the stutterer being encouraged to access extant fluent speech that may not be fully evident during "contingency-free" (CF) conditions. A preliminary analysis of the hypothesis was conducted by monitoring RCS and CF stuttering frequency and speaking rate in 20 adult stutterers before, during, and after a program of fluency training. Subjects were divided into "high" and "low" responders on the basis of their baseline response to the RCS procedure of time-out from speaking, after which they participated in a 32-hour program of fluency training aimed at minimizing stuttering. After showing a degree of relapse during a subsequent 6-mon follow-up, high and low responders were found to be equally affected by time-out. This result contrasted the differential response shown by the two groups during the baseline phase, and is consistent with the hypothesis that improvements in fluency during RCS may occur when stutterers access extant fluent speech that is not otherwise being fully utilized.

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