Predictors of Language Restitution Following Stroke A Multivariate Analysis Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 1989
Predictors of Language Restitution Following Stroke
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Audrey L. Holland
    University of Pittsburgh
  • Joel B. Greenhouse
    Carnegie-Mellon University
  • Davida Fromm
    University of Pittsburgh
  • Carol S. Swindell
    Memphis State University
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 1989
Predictors of Language Restitution Following Stroke
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1989, Vol. 32, 232-238. doi:10.1044/jshr.3202.232
History: Received February 1, 1988 , Accepted May 20, 1988
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1989, Vol. 32, 232-238. doi:10.1044/jshr.3202.232
History: Received February 1, 1988; Accepted May 20, 1988

A consecutive sample of 50 language-impaired patients was evauated prospectively during the first 3 to 4 months following unilateral left- or right-hemisphere stroke. A multiple logistic linear regression model was used to assess the relative importance of eight predictor variables on the likelihood of language recovery. Those found to be significantly associated with language recovery included age (favoring younger patients) and length of hospital stay (favoring shorter stays). Gender (favoring males), type of stroke (favoring hemorrhages), and side of lesion (favoring right) were only moderate correlates of recovery. Neither race nor history of previous stroke was a significant predictor of language recovery. Multivariate statistical analysis was useful in illuminating the joint relationship between clinical and demographic predictor variables and language recovery.

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