Effect of Three Conditions of Predictability on Word-Recognition Performance This study compared the effects of three conditions of word predictability on recognition performance. Word-recognition scores were obtained for 30 normally hearing listeners using three pairs of sentence lists. Each list contained target words preceded by a variety of predictability-high (PH) and predictability-low (PL) phrases and a constant predictability-neutral carrier ... Research Article
Research Article  |   December 01, 1988
Effect of Three Conditions of Predictability on Word-Recognition Performance
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Chie H. Craig
    University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   December 01, 1988
Effect of Three Conditions of Predictability on Word-Recognition Performance
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 1988, Vol. 31, 588-592. doi:10.1044/jshr.3104.588
History: Received February 18, 1987 , Accepted February 16, 1988
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 1988, Vol. 31, 588-592. doi:10.1044/jshr.3104.588
History: Received February 18, 1987; Accepted February 16, 1988

This study compared the effects of three conditions of word predictability on recognition performance. Word-recognition scores were obtained for 30 normally hearing listeners using three pairs of sentence lists. Each list contained target words preceded by a variety of predictability-high (PH) and predictability-low (PL) phrases and a constant predictability-neutral carrier phrase (CP) in three signal-to-babble ratio (S/B) listening conditions (-5, 0, and +5 dB). Significant differences (p < .05) were observed between PH, PL, and CP word-recognition scores for specific S/B's and pairs of sentence lists. The results were interpreted in terms of cognitive processing tasks associated with the various semantic and contextual cues provided by each condition of word predictability.

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