Turn Taking in Atypical Conversations The Case of the Speaker/Augmented-Communicator Dyad Research Article
Research Article  |   March 01, 1988
Turn Taking in Atypical Conversations
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Marilyn Jean Buzolich
    University of California, San Francisco-Santa Barbara
  • John M. Wiemann
    University of California, San Francisco-Santa Barbara
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   March 01, 1988
Turn Taking in Atypical Conversations
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 1988, Vol. 31, 3-18. doi:10.1044/jshr.3101.03
History: Received August 13, 1985 , Accepted April 13, 1987
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 1988, Vol. 31, 3-18. doi:10.1044/jshr.3101.03
History: Received August 13, 1985; Accepted April 13, 1987

Structural disturbances in conversation and their consequence for the distribution of control between partners were illustrated in a study investigating turn taking in dyads involving speech-handicapped individuals using alternative communication systems (augmented or aided communicators) and normally speaking adults (unaided communicators or speakers). The turn-taking system in these atypical conversations differed from normal conversations in several ways. Interactants had to adapt to specific physical constraints on the inte1raction and compensated for these constraints by using "available" behaviors to signal turn exchanges. Augmented communicators were unsuccessful in interaction management as evidenced in the unaided communicators' unilateral control over them in turn regulation. Augmented communicators were frequently unsuccessful in their attempts to secure speaking turns, whereas unaided communicators were extraordinarily successful as compared with typical conversation. Implications for the understanding of normal and atypical interaction patterns and their relevance to conversational control are discussed.

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