Verbal and Perceptual Analogical Reasoning and Proportional Metaphor Comprehension in Young Children In contrast to the common assumption that young children have little or no ability to reason by analogy or to comprehend proportional metaphors, the present study demonstrated that children as young as age 5 years have an emerging ability to solve both verbal and perceptual proportional analogy problems and to ... Research Article
Research Article  |   September 01, 1987
Verbal and Perceptual Analogical Reasoning and Proportional Metaphor Comprehension in Young Children
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Marilyn A. Nippold
    University of Oregon, Eugene, OR
  • Michael P. Sullivan
    University of Oregon, Eugene, OR
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   September 01, 1987
Verbal and Perceptual Analogical Reasoning and Proportional Metaphor Comprehension in Young Children
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1987, Vol. 30, 367-376. doi:10.1044/jshr.3003.367
History: Received September 4, 1986 , Accepted March 18, 1987
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1987, Vol. 30, 367-376. doi:10.1044/jshr.3003.367
History: Received September 4, 1986; Accepted March 18, 1987

In contrast to the common assumption that young children have little or no ability to reason by analogy or to comprehend proportional metaphors, the present study demonstrated that children as young as age 5 years have an emerging ability to solve both verbal and perceptual proportional analogy problems and to detect the meanings of proportional metaphoric sentences. These results were largely because the experimental tasks were designed to minimize the number of factors that would restrict the performance of young children. The results indicated that the years between 5 and 7 mark a steady improvement in analogical reasoning and proportional metaphor comprehension, but that children ages 5, 6, and 7 display a wide-ranging ability in these areas. It was also found that perceptual analogical reasoning was statistically related to verbal analogical reasoning and to proportional metaphor comprehension, and that perceptual analogical reasoning and proportional metaphor comprehension were both statistically related to receptive vocabulary development.

Order a Subscription
Pay Per View
Entire Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research content & archive
24-hour access
This Article
24-hour access