Movements of the Upper and Lower Lips during Speech Interactions Between Lips with the Jaw Fixed at Different Positions Research Article
Research Article  |   September 01, 1986
Movements of the Upper and Lower Lips during Speech
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • John W. Folkins
    University of Iowa, Iowa City
  • Jeanne L. Canty
    Minneapolis Ear, Nose, and Throat Clinic, MN
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   September 01, 1986
Movements of the Upper and Lower Lips during Speech
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1986, Vol. 29, 348-356. doi:10.1044/jshr.2903.356
History: Received November 9, 1984 , Accepted January 29, 1986
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1986, Vol. 29, 348-356. doi:10.1044/jshr.2903.356
History: Received November 9, 1984; Accepted January 29, 1986

Inferior-superior displacements of the upper lip, lower lip, and jaw were transduced with a strain-gauge system in 4 normal-speaking adults. Movements of the upper and lower lips were compared across conditions in which the jaw was free to move and when bite blocks were used to fix the jaw at four different vertical positions. As jaw-open position was increased with the bite blocks, it was found that: (a) Positions of both lips changed for bilabial closure, but the closing movements did not usually maintain consistent proportions between lips across different bite-block sizes; (b) although the lips maintained fairly consistent maximum interlabial opening across many conditions, this opening was reduced in the small bite-block conditions; and (c) in a few cases there was an increase in the duration of lip-closing movements, but these were small and inconsistent. The findings are discussed relative to possible organizational systems that would produce the observed interactions among speech articulators.

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