Influence of the First Formant on the Recognition of Voiced Stop Consonants by Hearing-Impaired Listeners In order to examine first formant masking effects in hearing-impaired listeners, bay, day, and gay were synthesized with and without a first formant. The signals were presented at several levels. Removal of the first formant did not improve intelligibility at levels above, at, or below the point of maximum intelligibility. ... Research Article
Research Article  |   September 01, 1985
Influence of the First Formant on the Recognition of Voiced Stop Consonants by Hearing-Impaired Listeners
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • M. F. Dorman
    Arizona State University, Tempe
  • Julie Mapes Lindholm
    Arizona State University, Tempe
  • Maureen T. Hannley
    Arizona State University, Tempe
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   September 01, 1985
Influence of the First Formant on the Recognition of Voiced Stop Consonants by Hearing-Impaired Listeners
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1985, Vol. 28, 377-380. doi:10.1044/jshr.2803.377
History: Received November 28, 1984 , Accepted April 24, 1985
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1985, Vol. 28, 377-380. doi:10.1044/jshr.2803.377
History: Received November 28, 1984; Accepted April 24, 1985

In order to examine first formant masking effects in hearing-impaired listeners, bay, day, and gay were synthesized with and without a first formant. The signals were presented at several levels. Removal of the first formant did not improve intelligibility at levels above, at, or below the point of maximum intelligibility. These results and others converge to suggest that masking spread from the first formant is not a significant factor in the identification of voiced stop consonants by listeners with sloping, mild-to-moderate hearing loss.

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