Factors Influencing the Masking Level Difference in Cochlear Hearing-Impaired and Normal-Hearing Listeners The masking level difference (MLD) at 500 Hz was examined in wide-band (960 Hz) and narrow-band (50 Hz) noise for normal-hearing subjects and subjects with symmetrical mild-to-moderate cochlear hearing loss. Monaural tasks of intensity discrimination, temporal resolution, and frequency resolution were performed in order to examine relationships between monaural dysfunction ... Research Article
Research Article  |   March 01, 1984
Factors Influencing the Masking Level Difference in Cochlear Hearing-Impaired and Normal-Hearing Listeners
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Joseph W. Hall
    MRC Institute of Hearing Research, University of Nottingham, UK
  • Richard S. Tyler
    University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City
  • Mariano A. Fernandes
    MRC Institute of Hearing Research, University of Nottingham, UK
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   March 01, 1984
Factors Influencing the Masking Level Difference in Cochlear Hearing-Impaired and Normal-Hearing Listeners
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 1984, Vol. 27, 145-154. doi:10.1044/jshr.2701.145
History: Received November 4, 1982 , Accepted August 3, 1983
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 1984, Vol. 27, 145-154. doi:10.1044/jshr.2701.145
History: Received November 4, 1982; Accepted August 3, 1983

The masking level difference (MLD) at 500 Hz was examined in wide-band (960 Hz) and narrow-band (50 Hz) noise for normal-hearing subjects and subjects with symmetrical mild-to-moderate cochlear hearing loss. Monaural tasks of intensity discrimination, temporal resolution, and frequency resolution were performed in order to examine relationships between monaural dysfunction and MLD performance. Interaural time discrimination for a 500-Hz pure tone also was examined. The performance of the hearing-impaired subjects was poorer than that of the normal-hearing subjects for MLD, interaural Δt, and most monaural tasks. However, no significant relationships were found between monaural and MLD performance when effects of threshold were taken into account. MLDs were more reduced in wide-band noise than in narrow-band noise for the hearing-impaired subjects (when Contrasted with normal-hearing subjects). MLD performance was correlated with interaural time discrimination, and it is suggested that one reason for poor MLD performance with hearing impairment may be poor temporal coding of stimulus-fine structure.

Order a Subscription
Pay Per View
Entire Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research content & archive
24-hour access
This Article
24-hour access