The Accuracy of Formant Frequency Measurements A Comparison of Spectrographic Analysis and Linear Prediction Research Article
Research Article  |   March 01, 1983
The Accuracy of Formant Frequency Measurements
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Randall B. Monsen
    Central Institute for the Deaf, St. Louis, Missouri
  • A. Maynard Engebretson
    Central Institute for the Deaf, St. Louis, Missouri
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   March 01, 1983
The Accuracy of Formant Frequency Measurements
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 1983, Vol. 26, 89-97. doi:10.1044/jshr.2601.89
History: Received June 1, 1981 , Accepted March 8, 1982
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 1983, Vol. 26, 89-97. doi:10.1044/jshr.2601.89
History: Received June 1, 1981; Accepted March 8, 1982

The accuracy of spectrographic techniques and of linear prediction analysis in measuring formant frequencies is compared. The first three formant frequencies 90 synthetic speech tokens were measured by three experienced spectrographic readers and by linear prediction analysis. For fundamental frequencies between 100 and 300 Hz, both methods are accurate to within approximatey , ±60 Hz for both first and second formants. The third formant can be measured with the same degree of accuracy by linear prediction, but only to within ± 110 by spectrographic means. The accuracy of both methods decreases greatly when fundamental frequency is 350 Hz or greater. These limits of measurement appear to be within the range of the difference limens for formant frequencies

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