Development in the Use and Understanding of Polite Forms in Children In two experiments, children's use and understanding of polite forms and the relationship these abilities share with an ability to adopt the perspective of another were examined. Development in the understanding of polite forms seemed best characterized as sensitivity to the function of these forms in an increasing number of ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 1982
Development in the Use and Understanding of Polite Forms in Children
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Marilyn A. Nippold
    Purdue University, West LaFayette, Indiana
  • Laurence B. Leonard
    Purdue University, West LaFayette, Indiana
  • Arthur Anastopoulos
    Purdue University, West LaFayette, Indiana
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 1982
Development in the Use and Understanding of Polite Forms in Children
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1982, Vol. 25, 193-202. doi:10.1044/jshr.2502.193
History: Received September 12, 1980 , Accepted February 9, 1981
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1982, Vol. 25, 193-202. doi:10.1044/jshr.2502.193
History: Received September 12, 1980; Accepted February 9, 1981

In two experiments, children's use and understanding of polite forms and the relationship these abilities share with an ability to adopt the perspective of another were examined. Development in the understanding of polite forms seemed best characterized as sensitivity to the function of these forms in an increasing number of sentence types. Development in the use of polite forms could be viewed as an increasing tendency to produce more than one polite form in the same utterance and to use a wider variety of interrogative types when expressing politeness. Emergence of the use and understanding of politeness in speech at age 3 seemed related to an emerging ability to adopt the perspective of another, However, development of politeness beyond this age seemed related only to a form of perspective taking in which knowledge of social roles plays a part.

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