Article/Report  |   June 2008
Late Childhood Stuttering
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Peter Howell
    University College London
  • Stephen Davis
    University College London
  • Roberta Williams
    City University London
  • Contact author: Peter Howell, Department of Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, England. E-mail: p.howell@ucl.ac.uk
  • © 2008 American Speech-Language-Hearing AssociationAmerican Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Fluency Disorders / Speech
Article/Report   |   June 2008
Late Childhood Stuttering
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 2008, Vol. 51, 669-687. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2008/048)
History: Received June 6, 2006 , Revised November 1, 2006 , Accepted September 17, 2007
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 2008, Vol. 51, 669-687. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2008/048)
History: Received June 6, 2006; Revised November 1, 2006; Accepted September 17, 2007
Web of Science® Times Cited: 17

Purpose: A study was conducted that examined factors that lead children who stutter at around age 8 years to persist in the disorder when they reach age 12 years.

Method: Seventy-six children were verified to be stuttering at initial assessment. When they reached 12 years of age, they were classified as persistent or recovered. A range of measures was taken at the 2 age points, and measures were examined by recovery group.

Results: Although the tendency for more males than females to stutter was confirmed, the reasons for this tendency are not apparent for these speakers. Different patterns in speech were observed: Severity ratings of the recovered speakers dropped by age 12+. The severity ratings for the persistent speakers remained high at 12+, and dysfluency types tended to change from whole words to part words. Persistent and recovered speakers differed on temperamental performance at around age 8 years and performed differently on sensory and motor tasks at age 12+ years.

Conclusions: Stuttering in late childhood affects mainly males. The later a child attends clinic, the longer he or she will stutter. Speech patterns of children who persist diverge from those who recover or who are fluent. As speakers persist, there are temperamental, sensory, and motor changes.

Acknowledgments
This work was supported by Grant 072639 from the Wellcome Trust, awarded to the first author.
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