The Effect of Punishment of Expectancy to Stutter on the Frequencies of Subsequent Expectancies and Stuttering Subjects were 12 stutterers who were assigned to experimental, shock-control, and time-control groups in order to investigate the effect of punishment of signaled expectancies to stutter on the frequencies of expectancy and stuttering subsequent to punishment. Electro-shock was contingent on signaled expectancies in the experimental group, but was not contiguous ... Research Article
Research Article  |   December 01, 1968
The Effect of Punishment of Expectancy to Stutter on the Frequencies of Subsequent Expectancies and Stuttering
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Richard F. Curlee
    University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California
  • William H. Perkins
    University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   December 01, 1968
The Effect of Punishment of Expectancy to Stutter on the Frequencies of Subsequent Expectancies and Stuttering
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 1968, Vol. 11, 787-795. doi:10.1044/jshr.1104.787
History: Received February 14, 1968
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 1968, Vol. 11, 787-795. doi:10.1044/jshr.1104.787
History: Received February 14, 1968

Subjects were 12 stutterers who were assigned to experimental, shock-control, and time-control groups in order to investigate the effect of punishment of signaled expectancies to stutter on the frequencies of expectancy and stuttering subsequent to punishment. Electro-shock was contingent on signaled expectancies in the experimental group, but was not contiguous to verbalizations in any group. Frequencies of expectancy and stuttering significantly decreased following punishment of signaled expectancies to stutter.

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