The Influence of Noise on Stutterers' Different Disfluency Types The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of noise on the types of disfluencies of stutterers. Seventeen adult stutterers read prose aloud in the presence of a white noise (95 dB SPL). The frequency of types of disfluencies was determined and compared to the frequency of types ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 1975
The Influence of Noise on Stutterers' Different Disfluency Types
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Edward G. Conture
    Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York
  • Evelyn R. Brayton
    Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 1975
The Influence of Noise on Stutterers' Different Disfluency Types
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1975, Vol. 18, 381-384. doi:10.1044/jshr.1802.381
History: Received November 12, 1973 , Accepted February 15, 1975
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1975, Vol. 18, 381-384. doi:10.1044/jshr.1802.381
History: Received November 12, 1973; Accepted February 15, 1975

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of noise on the types of disfluencies of stutterers. Seventeen adult stutterers read prose aloud in the presence of a white noise (95 dB SPL). The frequency of types of disfluencies was determined and compared to the frequency of types of disfluencies obtained in a control condition. The presence of noise significantly reduced the total number of instances of disfluency behaviors. It significantly influenced only those disfluency types (part-word repetitions) that had a high frequency of occurrence during control. The findings indicate that the effect of noise on disfluency appears only for disfluency types that occur with a relatively high frequency in the control condition.

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