The Standardization of Tests: Criteria and Criticisms With the great increase in the use of standardized tests in the field of speech pathology it seems worthwhile to present information on the process of standardizing tests. This paper presents the procedures involved in one aspect of the process, the establishment of norms. The procedures described are the following: ... Research Article
Research Article  |   December 01, 1973
The Standardization of Tests: Criteria and Criticisms
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Paul S. Weiner
    University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
  • William C. Hoock
    Gary Public Schools, Gary, Indiana
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   December 01, 1973
The Standardization of Tests: Criteria and Criticisms
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 1973, Vol. 16, 616-626. doi:10.1044/jshr.1604.616
History: Received July 12, 1972 , Accepted October 4, 1973
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 1973, Vol. 16, 616-626. doi:10.1044/jshr.1604.616
History: Received July 12, 1972; Accepted October 4, 1973

With the great increase in the use of standardized tests in the field of speech pathology it seems worthwhile to present information on the process of standardizing tests. This paper presents the procedures involved in one aspect of the process, the establishment of norms. The procedures described are the following: (1) the choice of variables which affect scores on the behavior being tested and the selection of reference groups which embody these variables, (2) the determination of an adequate sample size, (3) the use of a randomization process in choosing the sample, (4) testing within a limited time span, and (5) statistical treatment of the resulting data. To illustrate these procedures and their use as criteria for judging the adequacy of the standardization of specific tests, three instruments which are commonly used in speech clinics are critically discussed.

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