An Analysis of the Substitution Errors of a Group of Standard English-Speaking Children Misarticulation of consonants in a sample of 384 standard English-speaking children from grades one through 12 was recorded and classified according to type of error: omission, substitution, or distortion. Substitutions were further analyzed with reference to the feature content of each target phoneme and is realization. The differential stability and ... Research Article
Research Article  |   December 01, 1972
An Analysis of the Substitution Errors of a Group of Standard English-Speaking Children
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Helen S. Cairns
    University of Texas, Austin, Texas
  • Frederick Williams
    University of Texas, Austin, Texas
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   December 01, 1972
An Analysis of the Substitution Errors of a Group of Standard English-Speaking Children
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 1972, Vol. 15, 811-820. doi:10.1044/jshr.1504.811
History: Received June 8, 1971
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 1972, Vol. 15, 811-820. doi:10.1044/jshr.1504.811
History: Received June 8, 1971

Misarticulation of consonants in a sample of 384 standard English-speaking children from grades one through 12 was recorded and classified according to type of error: omission, substitution, or distortion. Substitutions were further analyzed with reference to the feature content of each target phoneme and is realization. The differential stability and nonindependence of the various phonetic features were shown to provide insight into the substitution process.

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