A Physiological Theory of Phonetics This paper presents a phonetic theory based on physiological parameters. The motivation for and requirements of a phonetic theory are first considered. The theory assumes, without restatement, various known facts from physical and biological science. Certain essential components of the speech mechanism are defined in a set of preliminary definitions. ... Research Article
Research Article  |   March 01, 1966
A Physiological Theory of Phonetics
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Gordon E. Peterson
    The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • June E. Shoup
    The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   March 01, 1966
A Physiological Theory of Phonetics
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 1966, Vol. 9, 5-67. doi:10.1044/jshr.0901.05
History: Received October 4, 1965
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 1966, Vol. 9, 5-67. doi:10.1044/jshr.0901.05
History: Received October 4, 1965

This paper presents a phonetic theory based on physiological parameters. The motivation for and requirements of a phonetic theory are first considered. The theory assumes, without restatement, various known facts from physical and biological science. Certain essential components of the speech mechanism are defined in a set of preliminary definitions. Assumptions about the actions of the vocal mechanism which directly underlie the theory are next presented in a set of axioms. Following the axioms is an extensive set of definitions that specifies the concepts of phonetics and their relationships. A phonetic chart presents the various physiological speech parameters and their values. These parameters include the primary and secondary phonetic parameters and the prosodic parameters. The chart includes a phonetic diagram which presents a basic phonetic symbolization according to the values of the primary parameters. Secondary parameters implicit in the symbols of the diagram are shown in a second chart. The individual parameter values for the various parameters are next defined. The article presents a basic theory of the parameter values and the dynamics of speech production, and also presents a systematic symbolization for descriptive phonetics.

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