Article/Report  |   October 2007
Enhanced Visual Speech Perception in Individuals With Early-Onset Hearing Impairment
 
Author Notes
  • Contact author: Edward T. Auer, Jr., Department of Speech-Language-Hearing, University of Kansas, Dole Human Development Center, 1000 Sunnyside Avenue, Room 3001, Lawrence, KS 66045-7555. E-mail: auer@ku.edu.
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Audiologic / Aural Rehabilitation / Hearing
Article/Report   |   October 2007
Enhanced Visual Speech Perception in Individuals With Early-Onset Hearing Impairment
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 2007, Vol. 50, 1157-1165. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2007/080)
History: Received January 31, 2006 , Accepted January 4, 2007
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, October 2007, Vol. 50, 1157-1165. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2007/080)
History: Received January 31, 2006; Accepted January 4, 2007
Web of Science® Times Cited: 24

Purpose: L. E. Bernstein, M. E. Demorest, and P. E. Tucker (2000)  demonstrated enhanced speechreading accuracy in participants with early-onset hearing loss compared with hearing participants. Here, the authors test the generalization of Bernstein et al.'s (2000)  result by testing 2 new large samples of participants. The authors also investigated correlates of speechreading ability within the early-onset hearing loss group and gender differences in speechreading ability within both participant groups.

Method: One hundred twelve individuals with early-onset hearing loss and 220 individuals with normal hearing identified 30 prerecorded sentences presented 1 at a time from visible speech information alone.

Results: The speechreading accuracy of the participants with early-onset hearing loss (M = 43.55% words correct; SD = 17.48) significantly exceeded that of the participants with normal hearing (M = 18.57% words correct; SD = 13.18), t(330) = 14.576, p < .01. Within the early-onset hearing loss participants, speechreading ability was correlated with several subjective measures of spoken communication. Effects of gender were not reliably observed.

Conclusion: The present results are consistent with the results of Bernstein et al. (2000) . The need to rely on visual speech throughout life, and particularly for the acquisition of spoken language by individuals with early-onset hearing loss, can lead to enhanced speechreading ability.

Acknowledgment
This study was funded by Grant DC04856 from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. The data collection was supported by Grants DC04856, DC02107, DC00695, DC03633 from NIH National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders and Grant KDI 9996088 from the National Science Foundation.
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