An Evaluation of the BKB-SIN, HINT, QuickSIN, and WIN Materials on Listeners With Normal Hearing and Listeners With Hearing Loss Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine in listeners with normal hearing and listeners with sensorineural hearing loss the within- and between-group differences obtained with 4 commonly available speech-in-noise protocols. Method Recognition performances by 24 listeners with normal hearing and 72 listeners with sensorineural hearing loss ... Research Article
Research Article  |   August 01, 2007
An Evaluation of the BKB-SIN, HINT, QuickSIN, and WIN Materials on Listeners With Normal Hearing and Listeners With Hearing Loss
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Richard H. Wilson
    James H. Quillen VA Medical Center, Mountain Home, TN, and East Tennessee State University, Johnson City
  • Rachel A. McArdle
    Bay Pines VA Healthcare System, Bay Pines, FL, and University of South Florida, Tampa
  • Sherri L. Smith
    James H. Quillen VA Medical Center and East Tennessee State University
  • Contact author: Richard H. Wilson, James H. Quillen VA Medical Center, Audiology (126), Mountain Home, TN 37684. E-mail: richard.wilson2@va.gov.
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Hearing / Research Articles
Research Article   |   August 01, 2007
An Evaluation of the BKB-SIN, HINT, QuickSIN, and WIN Materials on Listeners With Normal Hearing and Listeners With Hearing Loss
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, August 2007, Vol. 50, 844-856. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2007/059)
History: Received July 21, 2006 , Accepted December 7, 2006
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, August 2007, Vol. 50, 844-856. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2007/059)
History: Received July 21, 2006; Accepted December 7, 2006
Web of Science® Times Cited: 81

Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine in listeners with normal hearing and listeners with sensorineural hearing loss the within- and between-group differences obtained with 4 commonly available speech-in-noise protocols.

Method Recognition performances by 24 listeners with normal hearing and 72 listeners with sensorineural hearing loss were compared for 4 speech-in-noise protocols that varied with respect to the amount of contextual cues conveyed in the target signal. The protocols studied included the Bamford-Kowal-Bench Speech-in-Noise Test (BKB-SIN; Etymōtic Research, 2005; J. Bench, A. Kowal, & J. Bamford, 1979; P. Niquette et al., 2003), the Quick Speech-in-Noise Test (QuickSIN; M. C. Killion, P. A. Niquette, G. I. Gudmundsen, L. J. Revit, & S. Banerjee, 2004), and the Words-in-Noise test (WIN; R. H. Wilson, 2003; R. H. Wilson & C. A. Burks, 2005), each of which used multitalker babble and a modified method of constants, as well as the Hearing in Noise Test (HINT; M. Nilsson, S. Soli, & J. Sullivan, 1994), which used speech-spectrum noise and an adaptive psychophysical procedure.

Results The 50% points for the listeners with normal hearing were in the 1- to 4-dB signal-to-babble ratio (S/B) range and for the listeners with hearing loss in the 5- to 14-dB S/B range. Separation between groups was least with the BKB-SIN and HINT (4–6 dB) and most with the QuickSIN and WIN (8–10 dB).

Conclusion The QuickSIN and WIN materials are more sensitive measures of recognition performance in background noise than are the BKB-SIN and HINT materials.

Acknowledgment
The Rehabilitation Research and Development Service, Department of Veterans Affairs supported this work through a Merit Review, the Auditory and Vestibular Dysfunction Research Enhancement Award Program (REAP), and a Senior Research Career Scientist award to Richard H. Wilson. Rachel A. McArdle and Sherri L. Smith are supported by Research Career Development awards from the Rehabilitation Research and Development Service. Monica Mejia and Elizabeth Townsend are acknowledged for their contributions to the project.
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