The Preschool Repetition Test: An Evaluation of Performance in Typically Developing and Clinically Referred Children Purpose To determine the psychometric properties of the Preschool Repetition (PSRep) Test (Roy & Chiat, 2004), to establish the range of performance in typically developing children and variables affecting this performance, and to compare the performance of clinically referred children. Method The PSRep Test comprises 18 words and ... Research Article
Research Article  |   April 01, 2007
The Preschool Repetition Test: An Evaluation of Performance in Typically Developing and Clinically Referred Children
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Shula Chiat
    City University, London, England
  • Penny Roy
    City University, London, England
  • Contact author: Shula Chiat, Department of Language and Communication Science, City University, Northampton Square, London EC1V 0HB, England. E-mail: shula.chiat.1@city.ac.uk.
Article Information
School-Based Settings / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Language / Research Articles
Research Article   |   April 01, 2007
The Preschool Repetition Test: An Evaluation of Performance in Typically Developing and Clinically Referred Children
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, April 2007, Vol. 50, 429-443. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2007/030)
History: Received October 10, 2005 , Revised April 24, 2006 , Accepted July 5, 2006
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, April 2007, Vol. 50, 429-443. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2007/030)
History: Received October 10, 2005; Revised April 24, 2006; Accepted July 5, 2006
Web of Science® Times Cited: 58

Purpose To determine the psychometric properties of the Preschool Repetition (PSRep) Test (Roy & Chiat, 2004), to establish the range of performance in typically developing children and variables affecting this performance, and to compare the performance of clinically referred children.

Method The PSRep Test comprises 18 words and 18 phonologically matched nonwords systematically varied for length and prosodic structure. This test was administered to a typical sample of children aged 2;0–4;0 (n = 315) and a clinic sample of children aged 2;6–4;0 (n = 168), together with language assessments.

Results Performance in the typical sample was independent of gender and socioeconomic status but was affected by age, item length, and prosodic structure and was moderately correlated with receptive vocabulary. Performance in the clinic sample was significantly poorer but revealed similar effects of length and prosody and similar relations to language measures overall, with some notable exceptions. Test–retest reliability and interrater reliability were high.

Conclusion The PSRep Test is a viable and informative test. It differentiates within and between typical and clinic samples of children and reveals some unusual profiles within the clinic sample. These findings lay the foundations for a follow-up study of the clinic sample for investigation of the predictive value of the test.

Acknowledgments
The study of the clinic sample reported in this article was funded by the Economic and Social Research Council, Award No. RES-000-23-0019. The study of the typical sample was funded by City University Pump Priming and Departmental Research Funds. Many thanks to Talia Barry, Alex Carter, Sophie Edgington, Melissa Humbert, Tracey Jennings, Renia Kaperoni, Luisa Martinez, Louise Occomore, Sophia Qureshi and Sharonne Williams for carrying out the assessments.
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