Phonological Abilities of Hearing-Impaired Cantonese-Speaking Children With Cochlear Implants or Hearing Aids Purpose: This article examined the phonological skills of 2 groups of Cantonese-speaking children with prelingual, profound bilateral hearing loss. The phonological abilities of 7 children fitted with hearing aids were compared with the abilities of 7 children who wore cochlear implants.Method: Participants in each group ranged in age ... Article/Report
Article/Report  |   December 2006
Phonological Abilities of Hearing-Impaired Cantonese-Speaking Children With Cochlear Implants or Hearing Aids
 
Author Notes
  • Contact author: Lydia K. H. So, Division of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Prince Philip Dental Hospital, 5th Floor, 34 Hospital Road, Sai Ying Pun, Hong Kong. E-mail: lydiaso@hkucc.hku.hk.
  • © 2006 American Speech-Language-Hearing AssociationAmerican Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Hearing Aids, Cochlear Implants & Assistive Technology / Special Populations / Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Hearing
Article/Report   |   December 2006
Phonological Abilities of Hearing-Impaired Cantonese-Speaking Children With Cochlear Implants or Hearing Aids
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 2006, Vol. 49, 1342-1353. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2006/096)
History: Received May 7, 2004 , Revised May 25, 2005 , Accepted May 1, 2006
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 2006, Vol. 49, 1342-1353. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2006/096)
History: Received May 7, 2004; Revised May 25, 2005; Accepted May 1, 2006
Web of Science® Times Cited: 9

Purpose: This article examined the phonological skills of 2 groups of Cantonese-speaking children with prelingual, profound bilateral hearing loss. The phonological abilities of 7 children fitted with hearing aids were compared with the abilities of 7 children who wore cochlear implants.

Method: Participants in each group ranged in age from 5;1 to 6;4 years. The participants were asked to name 57 pictures and retell 2 stories. Phonological abilities were described in terms of the participants' phonological units and the phonological processes used. The participants' perception of single words was assessed using a Cantonese phonology test that includes tonal, segmental, and semantic distracters.

Results: All except 1 participant had incomplete phonetic repertories. All participants showed complete vowel and tone inventories. The study group used both developmental rules and nondevelopmental phonological rules. For perception of single words, participants chose the target word most often. The cochlear implant users had a significantly higher percentage correct score for consonant production than hearing aid users.

Conclusions: The prediction that Cantonese children wearing cochlear implants would have better phonological skills than children having hearing aids with a similar degree of hearing loss was confirmed. Cochlear implant usage appeared to promote consonant feature production development to a greater degree than did the use of a hearing aid.

Acknowledgments
Special thanks are due to the principals, teachers, and staff at the Bradbury Special Child Care Centre and the Hong Kong Host Lions Special Child Care Center for their assistance in research arrangements and support in data collection. Thanks are also due to the participants and their families for their willingness to participate in this project. Ms. B. Wun generously helped in the performance of the interrater reliability check.
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