Dysgraphia in Alzheimer’s Disease: A Review for Clinical and Research Purposes Purpose This article presents a critical review of literature on dysgraphia associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Research presented includes discussions of central and peripheral spelling impairments as well as the impact of general, nonlinguistic cognitive functions on dysgraphia associated with AD. Method The studies critically reviewed were from ... Review Article
Review Article  |   December 2006
Dysgraphia in Alzheimer’s Disease: A Review for Clinical and Research Purposes
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jean Neils-Strunjas
    University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  • Kathy Groves-Wright
    University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  • Pauline Mashima
    University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  • Stacy Harnish
    University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
  • Contact author: Stacy Harnish, 1100 Wyoming Street, Dayton, OH 45410. E-mail: sulfrism@email.uc.edu.
Article Information
Special Populations / Older Adults & Aging / Language Disorders / Reading & Writing Disorders / Language / Review Articles
Review Article   |   December 2006
Dysgraphia in Alzheimer’s Disease: A Review for Clinical and Research Purposes
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 2006, Vol. 49, 1313-1330. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2006/094)
History: Received August 14, 2005 , Revised January 2, 2006 , Accepted April 20, 2006
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 2006, Vol. 49, 1313-1330. doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2006/094)
History: Received August 14, 2005; Revised January 2, 2006; Accepted April 20, 2006

Purpose This article presents a critical review of literature on dysgraphia associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Research presented includes discussions of central and peripheral spelling impairments as well as the impact of general, nonlinguistic cognitive functions on dysgraphia associated with AD.

Method The studies critically reviewed were from a variety of disciplines, with emphasis on seminal work, recent literature, and the first author’s research.

Conclusions Studies have shown that writing impairment is heterogeneous within the AD population; however, there are certain aspects of the writing process that are more vulnerable than others and may serve as diagnostic signs. Identifying patterns of writing impairment at different stages of AD may help to chart disease progression and assist in the development of appropriate interventions.

Acknowledgments
A portion of the research reviewed was supported by a First Independent Research and Transition Award and by National Institute of Neurological and Communication Disorders and Stroke Grant DC00741 (Jean Neils, principal investigator, with David Roeltgen, collaborator).
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