An Experimental Analogue of the Anxiety-Stuttering Relationship Four adult subjects who stuttered were exposed to the Estes-Skinner conditioned anxiety paradigm. After buzzer-shock pairings were introduced, instances of stuttering and reading rates were affected in different directions. Different patterns were noted among individual subjects. In a situation designed to be anxiety arousing, stutterers reacted in different ways. ... Research Article
Research Article  |   March 01, 1970
An Experimental Analogue of the Anxiety-Stuttering Relationship
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • George L. Toomey
    Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
  • Murray Sidman
    Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   March 01, 1970
An Experimental Analogue of the Anxiety-Stuttering Relationship
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 1970, Vol. 13, 122-129. doi:10.1044/jshr.1301.122
History: Received May 26, 1969
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 1970, Vol. 13, 122-129. doi:10.1044/jshr.1301.122
History: Received May 26, 1969

Four adult subjects who stuttered were exposed to the Estes-Skinner conditioned anxiety paradigm. After buzzer-shock pairings were introduced, instances of stuttering and reading rates were affected in different directions. Different patterns were noted among individual subjects. In a situation designed to be anxiety arousing, stutterers reacted in different ways.

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