Verbal Punishment of Disfluency Following Augmentation of Disfluency by Random Delivery of Aversive Stimuli Ten normal speakers read a passage, first in Random Condition, then in Contingent Condition. In each condition, subjects read in Baserate (5 minutes), Conditioning (15 minutes), and Extinction (10 minutes). During Conditioning in Random Condition, subjects received a 0.75 sec., 95 dB burst of white noise on a random schedule. ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 1969
Verbal Punishment of Disfluency Following Augmentation of Disfluency by Random Delivery of Aversive Stimuli
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Robert H. Brookshire
    Veterans Administration Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri
  • Roberta A. Eveslage
    University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 1969
Verbal Punishment of Disfluency Following Augmentation of Disfluency by Random Delivery of Aversive Stimuli
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1969, Vol. 12, 383-388. doi:10.1044/jshr.1202.383
History: Received August 29, 1968
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1969, Vol. 12, 383-388. doi:10.1044/jshr.1202.383
History: Received August 29, 1968

Ten normal speakers read a passage, first in Random Condition, then in Contingent Condition. In each condition, subjects read in Baserate (5 minutes), Conditioning (15 minutes), and Extinction (10 minutes). During Conditioning in Random Condition, subjects received a 0.75 sec., 95 dB burst of white noise on a random schedule. During Conditioning in Contingent Condition, subjects heard the word no each time they were disfluent. Disfluency increased under random noise and decreased under contingent no. The results indicate that disfluency that is established or augmented by an aversive stimulus is amenable to suppression by punishment with a different aversive stimulus.

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