Use of Hooked-Wire Electrodes for Electromyography of the Intrinsic Laryngeal Muscles A new technique for electromyography of the intrinsic laryngeal muscles with bipolar hooked-wire electrodes is described in detail. This technique has the following important advantages for investigating speech activity: (1) it offers minimum discomfort to the subject, and consequently does not interfere with natural speech; (2) the electrodes stay in ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 1969
Use of Hooked-Wire Electrodes for Electromyography of the Intrinsic Laryngeal Muscles
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Minoru Hirano
    University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California
  • John Ohala
    University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 1969
Use of Hooked-Wire Electrodes for Electromyography of the Intrinsic Laryngeal Muscles
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1969, Vol. 12, 362-373. doi:10.1044/jshr.1202.362
History: Received June 10, 1968
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1969, Vol. 12, 362-373. doi:10.1044/jshr.1202.362
History: Received June 10, 1968

A new technique for electromyography of the intrinsic laryngeal muscles with bipolar hooked-wire electrodes is described in detail. This technique has the following important advantages for investigating speech activity: (1) it offers minimum discomfort to the subject, and consequently does not interfere with natural speech; (2) the electrodes stay in place regardless of rapid movements of the vocal cords or of the entire larynx during speech; and (3) it permits considerable localization of the area from which electrical activity is picked up.

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