Time-Out as a Punishment for Stuttering The effects of making time-out from positive reinforcement (TO) contingent upon stuttering were studied in four adult stutterers. The theoretical basis of the study revolved around the notion that speaking is self-reinforcing, and that making TO from speaking contingent upon a specific response will decrease the frequency of that response. ... Research Article
Research Article  |   September 01, 1968
Time-Out as a Punishment for Stuttering
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Samuel K. Haroldson
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • Richard R. Martin
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • Clark D. Starr
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   September 01, 1968
Time-Out as a Punishment for Stuttering
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1968, Vol. 11, 560-566. doi:10.1044/jshr.1103.560
History: Received September 6, 1967
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1968, Vol. 11, 560-566. doi:10.1044/jshr.1103.560
History: Received September 6, 1967

The effects of making time-out from positive reinforcement (TO) contingent upon stuttering were studied in four adult stutterers. The theoretical basis of the study revolved around the notion that speaking is self-reinforcing, and that making TO from speaking contingent upon a specific response will decrease the frequency of that response. The general experimental procedure was one in which subjects spoke spontaneously and a red light was illuminated for 10 seconds contingent upon each stuttering. Subjects were not allowed to speak while the light was illuminated.

All four subjects evidenced a marked decrease in stuttering frequency during TO sessions. Some extinction of the suppression effect was observed during those sessions in which TO was removed.

Order a Subscription
Pay Per View
Entire Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research content & archive
24-hour access
This Article
24-hour access