Verbal Punishment of Disfluencies in Normal Speakers Forty normal speakers were divided into two groups to study the effects of two types of verbal punishment of disfluencies. The two conditions, Random and Contingent, were divided into three segments each. Punishment was not delivered in Segments 1 or 3. Segment 2 presented Random subjects with the tape recorded ... Research Article
Research Article  |   September 01, 1965
Verbal Punishment of Disfluencies in Normal Speakers
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Gerald M. Siegel
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • Richard R. Martin
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   September 01, 1965
Verbal Punishment of Disfluencies in Normal Speakers
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1965, Vol. 8, 245-251. doi:10.1044/jshr.0803.245
History: Received February 3, 1965
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1965, Vol. 8, 245-251. doi:10.1044/jshr.0803.245
History: Received February 3, 1965

Forty normal speakers were divided into two groups to study the effects of two types of verbal punishment of disfluencies. The two conditions, Random and Contingent, were divided into three segments each. Punishment was not delivered in Segments 1 or 3. Segment 2 presented Random subjects with the tape recorded word “wrong” on a predetermined random schedule. Contingent subjects were delivered the word “wrong” after each disfluency. Random presentation of “wrong” did not significantly affect rate of disfluencies. Contingent presentation resulted in a sharp decrease in disfluencies during Segment 2, and an increase in disfluencies during Segment 3.

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