Experimental Modification of Disfluency in Normal Speakers The effects of contingent shock, threat of shock, and random shock on the disfluencies of 36 normal readers were variously explored in three experiments. When shock was made contingent upon specific disfluencies, a punishment effect was evidenced and disfluencies decreased. During noncontingent presentations the effects of shock were less consistent. ... Research Article
Research Article  |   September 01, 1965
Experimental Modification of Disfluency in Normal Speakers
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Gerald M. Siegel
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • Richard R. Martin
    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   September 01, 1965
Experimental Modification of Disfluency in Normal Speakers
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1965, Vol. 8, 235-244. doi:10.1044/jshr.0803.235
History: Received February 2, 1965
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1965, Vol. 8, 235-244. doi:10.1044/jshr.0803.235
History: Received February 2, 1965

The effects of contingent shock, threat of shock, and random shock on the disfluencies of 36 normal readers were variously explored in three experiments. When shock was made contingent upon specific disfluencies, a punishment effect was evidenced and disfluencies decreased. During noncontingent presentations the effects of shock were less consistent. The results indicate that disfluencies are manipulable responses that, like other verbal behaviors, can be conditioned.

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