Physical and Psychological Correlates of Speaker Recognition Twenty listeners rated 10 speakers from the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory’s (AFCRL) speaker library, using a 12-item rating form developed from Osgood’s (1957) semantic differential rating form techniques. Physical characteristics of the same speakers' voices also were measured. The results revealed that speakers can be reliably differentiated on the ... Research Article
Research Article  |   March 01, 1967
Physical and Psychological Correlates of Speaker Recognition
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Gary L. Holmgren
    U. S. Army Medical Research Laboratory, Fort Knox, Kentucky
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   March 01, 1967
Physical and Psychological Correlates of Speaker Recognition
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 1967, Vol. 10, 57-66. doi:10.1044/jshr.1001.57
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 1967, Vol. 10, 57-66. doi:10.1044/jshr.1001.57

Twenty listeners rated 10 speakers from the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory’s (AFCRL) speaker library, using a 12-item rating form developed from Osgood’s (1957) semantic differential rating form techniques. Physical characteristics of the same speakers' voices also were measured. The results revealed that speakers can be reliably differentiated on the basis of (1) listener judgments alone, (2) listener judgments combined with physical voice measures, and (3) physical voice measures alone. Speakers' voice characteristics, as determined by listeners' judgments alone, can be accounted for by two basic factors which account for over 90% of the variance. Factor analysis of both judged and actual physical voice measures led to a 5-factor solution accounting for more than 90% of the total variance.

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