The Influence of Context on the Auditory Comprehension of Paragraphs by Aphasic Subjects Subjects were exposed to two sets of paragraphs that probed their auditory comprehension abilities under various prestimulation conditions. In Experiment 1, aphasic and control subjects listened to four paragraphs. Each paragraph was preceded by a control condition (no antecedent) or one of the following contextual antecedents: picture, verbal, or picture ... Research Article
Research Article  |   December 01, 1978
The Influence of Context on the Auditory Comprehension of Paragraphs by Aphasic Subjects
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Marcie R. Waller
    Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana
  • Frederic L. Darley
    Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   December 01, 1978
The Influence of Context on the Auditory Comprehension of Paragraphs by Aphasic Subjects
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 1978, Vol. 21, 732-745. doi:10.1044/jshr.2104.732
History: Received January 11, 1978 , Accepted June 20, 1978
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, December 1978, Vol. 21, 732-745. doi:10.1044/jshr.2104.732
History: Received January 11, 1978; Accepted June 20, 1978

Subjects were exposed to two sets of paragraphs that probed their auditory comprehension abilities under various prestimulation conditions. In Experiment 1, aphasic and control subjects listened to four paragraphs. Each paragraph was preceded by a control condition (no antecedent) or one of the following contextual antecedents: picture, verbal, or picture and verbal combined. Prestimulation with a picture alone was detrimental, but prestimulation with a picture used in combination with a verbal context appeared to be of value. In Experiment 2, subjects heard four paragraphs that were less cohesive than those in Experiment 1. Only verbal and control conditions were contrasted. The provision of prior verbal contexts facilitated the auditory comprehension of the paragraphs.

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