Language and Memory Disorders Following Closed Head Trauma Patients who suffer closed head trauma may demonstrate communication disorders which have been variously described as aphasia, severe memory impairments, traumatic aphasia, or confusion. The memory and language skills of 14 patients who had suffered closed head trauma were documented after they regained consciousness and at one-month intervals for four ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 1977
Language and Memory Disorders Following Closed Head Trauma
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Michael Groher
    American Lake Veterans Hospital, Tacoma, Washington
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 1977
Language and Memory Disorders Following Closed Head Trauma
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1977, Vol. 20, 212-223. doi:10.1044/jshr.2002.212
History: Received September 26, 1975 , Accepted April 26, 1976
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1977, Vol. 20, 212-223. doi:10.1044/jshr.2002.212
History: Received September 26, 1975; Accepted April 26, 1976

Patients who suffer closed head trauma may demonstrate communication disorders which have been variously described as aphasia, severe memory impairments, traumatic aphasia, or confusion. The memory and language skills of 14 patients who had suffered closed head trauma were documented after they regained consciousness and at one-month intervals for four months utilizing the Porch Index of Communicative Ability and the Wechsler Memory Scale. Results indicated that patients initially suffered both reduced memory and language skills. After four months, expressive and receptive language skills were grossly functional for conversational purposes, and all memory tasks with the exception of orientation skills were within normal limits. Significant improvement in both language and memory functioning most often occurred during the first month after regaining consciousness, although gradual improvement in both language and memory skills was noted beyond the one-month period. No significant correlations existed between the length of unconsciousness and the initial and final language and memory scores.

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