Responses of Aged Males to Time-Altered Speech Stimuli The responses of 18 Spanish-American War veterans to compressed and expanded PB word lists were compared with the responses of two control groups composed of young hard-of-hearing subjects and young normal subjects. The responses were obtained at two levels of compression, 10% and 20%, and two levels of expansion, 10% ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 1966
Responses of Aged Males to Time-Altered Speech Stimuli
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • David M. Luterman
    Emerson College, Boston, Massachusetts
  • Oliver L. Welsh
    VA Outpatient Clinic, Boston, Massachusetts
  • Jay Melrose
    University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 1966
Responses of Aged Males to Time-Altered Speech Stimuli
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1966, Vol. 9, 226-230. doi:10.1044/jshr.0902.226
History: Received October 11, 1965
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1966, Vol. 9, 226-230. doi:10.1044/jshr.0902.226
History: Received October 11, 1965

The responses of 18 Spanish-American War veterans to compressed and expanded PB word lists were compared with the responses of two control groups composed of young hard-of-hearing subjects and young normal subjects. The responses were obtained at two levels of compression, 10% and 20%, and two levels of expansion, 10% and 20%.

All subjects in this study responded in a similar manner to the time-altered material. Neither the experimental nor the control groups' discrimination ability improved with expanded speech, or at standard or increased response time intervals. Both levels of speech compression were detrimental to subjects' performances relative to the unaltered condition. The 4-sec interval between presentation items on recorded speech appeared to be adequate for testing the hearing of aged subjects.

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