Pretreatment Factors Associated with the Outcome of Stuttering Therapy Measures of stuttering behavior, personality, and attitudes about speaking were obtained from 20 stutterers at the beginning of treatment. These measures were correlated with three measures of stuttering behavior a year after treatment. Pre-treatment attitudes were most highly related to outcome, followed by pretreatment stuttering behavior, and then personality measures. ... Research Article
Research Article  |   September 01, 1976
Pretreatment Factors Associated with the Outcome of Stuttering Therapy
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Barry Guitar
    University of New South Wales Teaching Hospitals, Sydney, Australia
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   September 01, 1976
Pretreatment Factors Associated with the Outcome of Stuttering Therapy
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1976, Vol. 19, 590-600. doi:10.1044/jshr.1903.590
History: Received January 14, 1976 , Accepted April 30, 1976
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1976, Vol. 19, 590-600. doi:10.1044/jshr.1903.590
History: Received January 14, 1976; Accepted April 30, 1976

Measures of stuttering behavior, personality, and attitudes about speaking were obtained from 20 stutterers at the beginning of treatment. These measures were correlated with three measures of stuttering behavior a year after treatment. Pre-treatment attitudes were most highly related to outcome, followed by pretreatment stuttering behavior, and then personality measures. Multiple regression analyses of the pretreatment measures demonstrated that combinations of these variables correlated moderately high (r = 0.79, 0.66, 0.73) with outcome. Prediction equations derived from the multiple regression analyses were used to predict outcomes for an independent group of 18 stutterers. Predicted and actual outcomes were shown to be correlated moderately high (r = 0.75, 0.73, 0.51). Suggestions for clinical use of predictive factors are given. Implications for the design of treatment and understanding the nature of stuttering are discussed.

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