Instrumental-Avoidance Conditioning Versus Classical Conditioning In Electrodermal Audiometry Instrumental-avoidance conditioning and classical conditioning as utilized in electrodermal audiometry were compared within a group of 18 normal hearing subjects, a second group of 18 subjects with sensori-neural hearing losses and a third group of 18 subjects suspected of having nonorganic hearing losses. Statistically significant differences and consistent trends suggest ... Research Article
Research Article  |   March 01, 1964
Instrumental-Avoidance Conditioning Versus Classical Conditioning In Electrodermal Audiometry
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • David C. Shepherd
    The Jewish Hospital of St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   March 01, 1964
Instrumental-Avoidance Conditioning Versus Classical Conditioning In Electrodermal Audiometry
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 1964, Vol. 7, 55-70. doi:10.1044/jshr.0701.55
History: Received August 5, 1963
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, March 1964, Vol. 7, 55-70. doi:10.1044/jshr.0701.55
History: Received August 5, 1963

Instrumental-avoidance conditioning and classical conditioning as utilized in electrodermal audiometry were compared within a group of 18 normal hearing subjects, a second group of 18 subjects with sensori-neural hearing losses and a third group of 18 subjects suspected of having nonorganic hearing losses. Statistically significant differences and consistent trends suggest that instrumental-avoidance conditioning provided stronger conditioning, greater resistance to adaptation, and better discrimination learning than did classical conditioning within all three groups of subjects. Between-groups comparisons suggest that nonvolunteer subjects are more responsive than volunteer subjects during EDA when electric shock is utilized as the unconditioned stimulus.

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