A Detailed Analysis of Articulation Responses of ‘Normal’ First Grade Children A picture word articulation test was administered to 438 children, all of the children enrolled in first grade in the schools from which the sample was drawn. None of the children had received speech correction. Six responses were obtained for most of the consonant sounds tested, four responses for the ... Research Article
Research Article  |   September 01, 1963
A Detailed Analysis of Articulation Responses of ‘Normal’ First Grade Children
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Katherine Snow
    Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   September 01, 1963
A Detailed Analysis of Articulation Responses of ‘Normal’ First Grade Children
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1963, Vol. 6, 277-290. doi:10.1044/jshr.0603.277
History: Received April 29, 1963
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1963, Vol. 6, 277-290. doi:10.1044/jshr.0603.277
History: Received April 29, 1963

A picture word articulation test was administered to 438 children, all of the children enrolled in first grade in the schools from which the sample was drawn. None of the children had received speech correction. Six responses were obtained for most of the consonant sounds tested, four responses for the others. Sounds in all word positions were used. A table presents in detail the 60 337 responses made. They are shown for the sound being tested in each test word. Categories used are: correct, moderately distorted, severely distorted, omitted, and substituted, with the phonemes used as substitutions itemized. In general, the responses for any one sound are a good deal alike regardless of the test word used or the position of the sound in the word. In certain cases word position, phonetic environment, or particular test words appear to be important determinants of the type of articulation response.

Order a Subscription
Pay Per View
Entire Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research content & archive
24-hour access
This Article
24-hour access