Male and Female Voice Quality and Its Relationship to Vowel Formant Frequencies Speech samples obtained from a group of adult males and females while they articulated the tone produced by a single-frequency electrolarynx were played to a panel of listeners who were asked to determine the sex of each speaker. Formant frequencies for the vowels /i/ and /u/ produced in isolation by ... Research Article
Research Article  |   September 01, 1971
Male and Female Voice Quality and Its Relationship to Vowel Formant Frequencies
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Ralph O. Coleman
    University of Oregon Medical School, Portland, Oregon
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   September 01, 1971
Male and Female Voice Quality and Its Relationship to Vowel Formant Frequencies
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1971, Vol. 14, 565-577. doi:10.1044/jshr.1403.565
History: Received April 6, 1970
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1971, Vol. 14, 565-577. doi:10.1044/jshr.1403.565
History: Received April 6, 1970

Speech samples obtained from a group of adult males and females while they articulated the tone produced by a single-frequency electrolarynx were played to a panel of listeners who were asked to determine the sex of each speaker. Formant frequencies for the vowels /i/ and /u/ produced in isolation by the same speakers were obtained by spectrographic analysis. The judges were able to correctly identify the sex of the speakers 88% of the time, and vowel formant frequency averages were closely associated with the degree of male or female quality in these voices. These findings indicate that in the absence of between-subject variations in laryngeal fundamental frequency, a distinct cue to speaker sex may be contained in the individual vocal tract resonances.

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