Syntax of Preschool Fluent and Disfluent Speech: A Transformational Analysis Speech samples were obtained from 13 highly fluent and 13 highly disfluent four-year-old children who were comparable as to sex, intelligence, socioeconomic status, race, and educational history. The syntactic analysis dealt with kernel and matrix sentence frame types and transformational usage. The fluent group used significantly more double-base transformations than ... Research Article
Research Article  |   June 01, 1971
Syntax of Preschool Fluent and Disfluent Speech: A Transformational Analysis
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • John R. Muma
    University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   June 01, 1971
Syntax of Preschool Fluent and Disfluent Speech: A Transformational Analysis
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1971, Vol. 14, 428-441. doi:10.1044/jshr.1402.428
History: Received June 5, 1969
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 1971, Vol. 14, 428-441. doi:10.1044/jshr.1402.428
History: Received June 5, 1969

Speech samples were obtained from 13 highly fluent and 13 highly disfluent four-year-old children who were comparable as to sex, intelligence, socioeconomic status, race, and educational history. The syntactic analysis dealt with kernel and matrix sentence frame types and transformational usage. The fluent group used significantly more double-base transformations than the disfluent group, but the two groups were comparable on the distribution of usage for sentence frame types. This evidence indicates that a non-loci explanation of disfluency should be cast in terms of the nature of transformational operations in grammatical performance.

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