Effects of Visual Message-Related Cues, Age, and Hearing Impairment on Speechreading Performance Three groups of adult subjects, differing primarily in age and auditory status, performed two speechreading tasks. One task consisted of speechreading sentences in which the only cues provided were those from the speaker’s face and lips. In the other task, a related picture was presented just prior to speechreading a ... Research Article
Research Article  |   September 01, 1974
Effects of Visual Message-Related Cues, Age, and Hearing Impairment on Speechreading Performance
 
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Rodney O. Pelson
    Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, Illinois
  • William F. Prather
    Veterans Administration Hospital, Seattle, Washington
Article Information
Research Articles
Research Article   |   September 01, 1974
Effects of Visual Message-Related Cues, Age, and Hearing Impairment on Speechreading Performance
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1974, Vol. 17, 518-525. doi:10.1044/jshr.1703.518
History: Received July 12, 1973 , Accepted February 18, 1974
 
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, September 1974, Vol. 17, 518-525. doi:10.1044/jshr.1703.518
History: Received July 12, 1973; Accepted February 18, 1974

Three groups of adult subjects, differing primarily in age and auditory status, performed two speechreading tasks. One task consisted of speechreading sentences in which the only cues provided were those from the speaker’s face and lips. In the other task, a related picture was presented just prior to speechreading a given sentence. Results indicated that while message-related pictures markedly enhanced speechreading performance for all groups, the older hearing-impaired subjects improved more than the two groups of normal-hearing subjects, regardless of age. In terms of absolute speechreading performance, however, the younger normal-hearing subjects speechread better than either of the two older groups while the older adults with hearing impairment tended to speechread better than the older subjects with normal hearing.

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